Emerging research indicates that blood type may play a role in the risk of early-onset stroke. A recent study published in the journal Neurology suggests that people with blood type A are more likely to experience a stroke before the age of 60 compared to those with other blood types. Scientists Say This Blood Type Increases Risk of Early Stroke. Let’s dive into the study’s findings and what they mean for you.

Blood Type A and Increased Stroke Risk

In a comprehensive study involving over 17,000 individuals who had experienced a stroke and nearly 600,000 in a control group without a stroke, researchers found a clear link between blood type and stroke risk. The study revealed that those with blood type A had a 16% higher risk of having a stroke before the age of 60 compared to those with other blood types. This increased risk was particularly associated with the A1 subgroup of blood type A.

Interestingly, the same study found that individuals with blood type O had a 12% lower risk of early-onset stroke. However, the increased risk for people with blood type A is relatively small, and researchers emphasized that these findings do not warrant special screening or additional caution for those with this blood type. The exact reasons for this increased risk among people with blood type A remain unclear. Dr. Steven Kittner, a vascular neurologist from the University of Maryland, noted that more research is needed to understand the mechanisms behind this link.

Comparing Early and Late-Onset Stroke

Another critical aspect of the study was the comparison between people who had a stroke before the age of 60 and those who had a stroke after 60. Using a dataset of about 9,300 individuals aged 60 and over who had a stroke, along with about 25,000 control individuals who did not, researchers found that the increased risk for people with blood type A became insignificant in the late-onset stroke group.

This suggests that the causes of early-onset strokes might differ from those of strokes that occur later in life. While strokes in older adults are often associated with atherosclerosis (the buildup of fat deposits in arteries), early-onset strokes may have more to do with thrombus formation, indicating different underlying mechanisms. Additionally, the study found that people with blood type B had an 11% higher risk of stroke compared to the control group, regardless of age. These findings align with previous research indicating a link between the ABO locus—the genetic sequence that encodes blood type—and coronary artery calcification, heart attacks, and venous thrombosis.


The study highlights a possible connection between blood type and early-onset stroke risk, particularly for those with blood type A. However, the additional risk is relatively modest, and more research is needed to fully understand why this link exists and what it might mean for stroke prevention. If you have concerns about your stroke risk, it’s best to discuss them with your healthcare provider, who can guide you based on your unique medical history and risk factors.

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